СЛОВО ГЛАВНОГО РЕДАКТОРА
Наше издание является научно-практическим журналом, в котором публикуются основные научные результаты диссертаций на соискание ученой степени кандидата и/или доктора медицинских наук как нашего института, так и других лечебно-учебных медицинских учреждений, интересные случаи из практики, обзоры литературы, лекции и юбилейные статьи. Журнал выходит 4 раза в год, и каждый номер имеет не менее 80 страниц. Каждая поступающая статья принимается по требованиям, проходит строгий отбор и отдается для выпуска в номер только после рецензирования и обязательного редактирования.
У нас принято одностороннее слепое рецензирование. Рецензенты уделяют особое внимание содержанию статьи и проверке данных статистической обработки, их соответствие современным требованиям.Главный редактор журнала доктор медицинских наук Мухиддинов Н. Д.
THE STRUCTURE OF THE PREVALENCE OF ANOMALIES OF TEETH IN THE ADULT POPULATION
KARIMOV S.M., MURODOV B.K.
The Prevalence of anomalies of the teeth is diametrically opposed to the age. The highest indices were observed in the age group 20-29 years. Significant decrease in the prevalence of this pathology is observed in the age groups 40¬49 and 50-59 years. The lowest level of prevalence of anomalies of the teeth is at the age of 60 years and older.
RESULTS OF TREATMENT OF PATIENTS ON THE BASIS OF ORTHOPEDIC DAMAGE CONTROL
Aim. Improvement of results of diagnostics and treatment of the sharp period of a polytrauma by an estimation of
metabolic activity of lungs and application orthopedic damage control at patients with the combined a trauma.
The trends reproducing of the population of the Repablic Tadzhikistan in new economic condition
Akhmedov A.A., Bobokhojaeva M.O., Nazirova M.A., Kasimova M.K., Khusainova A.A.
On material State statistical Agency at Government RT,the annual report data Centre of Reproductiv health (Natinal, re- gional,Dushanbe citi.),Republican Centre of the medical statistics and information MZ RT for last 20 years, The General census of the Repablic Tadzhikistan 2000 and sociological questioning 2000 persons by questionnaire method of the population of the row city and region of the republic to student trends reproducing the population,are determined modern factors,influencing upon birth rate fnd track record of the change to birth rate in condition of the transition to market economies.
The Changes to speaker of the factors reproducing the population of Tadzhikistan at transformatiionfl period conditionally possibl to value as transition from mfinli traditinfl to modern to type reproduction.
THE MORPHOLOGY OF MICROVASCULARCHANNEL A LARGE GLAND DOG IN NORM AND IN CASE OF PERITONITIS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE PLATEAU
MIRZOEV KH.M., ZOKIROV R.KH., PULADOV A.KH., KARIMOV S.S.
Study of the regularities of the structure of the structural organization of microvascular channel a large gland dog in norm and in case of peritonitis in the conditions of the plateau, showed that the presence of high-grade microvascularnetwork in a large gland, ensures a high level of metabolism and is evidence of the involvement of his in the processes of filtra¬tion, resorption of serous fluid abdominal cavity and protective functions. Morphological, hemodynamic and morphometric changes microvascular channel omentum and their in¬crease in peritonitis due to the toxicity of the blood of experimental animals, because the later stages of peritonitis in the blood circulate products of destruction of bacteria-endotoxins and biologically active the substance of the damaged tissue.
Applying of Clinical experience preparation “Metakrizol” in the treatment of women with cervicitis against the background of benign cervical pathology
KHAYRIDINOVA J, KHUSEYNOVA M.B, KHABIROVA S.Z.
The drug of metakrizol has a broad antibacterial l, trihomonotsidnym and antimycotic effect. The use of this drug in the treatment of viral and bacterial cervicitis against dishormonal ectopia of the cervix allows 70% of women to accelerate the elimination of clinical signs of inflammation. However, the therapeutic effect metakrizola significantly reduced in the treatment of inflammation of the cervix against a background of degenerative changes in the cervix caused by scar deformities. It is also effective use of the drug before physical – surgical therapy of cervical cancer, promotes epithelialization of the wound earlier defect (66.7%).
Inprovement surgical treatment of sick with palsy of the mimic muscles
At treatment sick with palsy of the mimic muscles for undertaking statically their hang up author was used thinprofile fabrics from nikelid titanium, is in detail described move to operations. The Applicable material is deprived defect traditionally used and possesses the high degree to integrations with perceiving zone.
OPTIMISATION OF COMPLEX TREATMENT OF DAMAGES OF A SKELETON AT PATIENTS WITH A POLYTRAUMA
SIRODZHOV K.KH., RAHIMOV A.T.
THE DEPARTMENT OF TRAUMATOLOGY AND ORTHOPEDICS TIPGPMP
The unsatisfactory results of complex treatment of skeletal injuries and injury outcomes in patients polytrauma testify to the social and economic importance. The paper analyzes the results of studying the peculiarities of the structure of multiple and associated injuries skeleton, ways to optimize the treatment of fractures on the basis of orthopedic «Damage control» of 30 trauma patients. In the structure of combined trauma of the skeleton in the 81,7% of cases, there were fractures of long bones, 36,3% – fractures of other departments, 21,3% – pelvic bones, in 5,3% of cases – fracture of the spine. Fractures of the long bones in 78,4% of cases were of indoor and 21,6% of cases – the open character. Methods of early reposition fractures in the study group used in 30,4% of the observations, delayed – 15,7%, and later – in 9,5% of cases. In the control group received digital values amounted to, respectively,
The organization and activity of diagnostic service of the various countries (the literature review)
Thus, the literature review has shown that diagnostics as scientific discipline, developed in indissoluble communication with other scientific disciplines. The key moment of its development was the wide experience of great scientific Gippokrata, Galena, Avitsenny, and also the organization of school of medicine in the countries of the East, Asia, Europe. Formation of the diagnostic centers, as in Europe, America, and in the countries of the former USSR became an important stage of development of diagnostic service. Activity of the kliniko-diagnostic centers shows their conclusive advantage and rather considerable role in public health services system. Thus efficiency of activity providing at the expense of introduction of the expensive equipment, modern methods of research and presence of highly-skilled personnel.
FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION OF THE DAMAGE, INFLICTED BY SLASHING WEAPON – TESHA
RAKHMONOV T.R., RAKHIMOV A.ZH., TARAKUL A.
THE COURSE OF FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION TIPGPMP
The article contains results of injuries on four corpses of people at the age of 22 to 70 age, caused to the national instruments of labor produced artisanal – tesha. The attack does concave and direct blades. Just suffered 12 strokes, 8 of them on the head, 2 in the facial area, 2 in the back surface of the right hand. Concave blade coated with a 7 hits, direct – 5. After hitting measured the thickness of the soft tissue of the head and bones of the skull on average, the Department of wounds and/or a cut in the cases of penetration of the blade into the cranial cavity. Damage studied macro- and stereomicroscopically, photographed and put on the outline scheme. It is established that in the area of damage to the thickness of the skin ranged from 0,1 to 0,3cm, soft tissues of 0,1-0,2 cm bones of cranial fornix – 0,3-0,7 see the Wounds from direct blade when strictly per¬pendicular to the direction
THE SPREAD OF DENTAL CARIES AMONG CASES SUFFERING FROM CHRONIC VIRAL HEPATITIS
AHROROVAZ.K., KHOLOVAS.M., KOMILOVF.M., RAHMONOVAN. O.
According to the results of examination of cases suffering from chronic viral hepatitis, the spread of dental caries among them averaged between 84,6-97,6% and the index of KPU had made to 10, 18%.