• HEARING LOSS OF SOIL RELATED TO MARRIAGE AS A FACTOR IN HEREDITARY DISEASE

    In review identified reasons of bradyacuasia as risk factors of hereditary diseases on the basis of related marriage. According to the tajik authors is presented geography population of hereditary diseases, factors such as inbreeding, because of the existence of geographic isolation. It was the analyzed clinical and audiological features of bradyacuasia basis of related marriage. It was noted that among local residents of Tajikistan exist hereditary-familial form of bradyacuasia.

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  • DIAGNOSTICS AND TREATMENT OF VASCULAR COGNITIVE DISORDERS (PART II)

    The review considers serious consequences of cerebrovascular diseases — disorders of cognitive functions. In case of chronic insufficiency of cerebral blood supply the cognitive disorders became the main symptom which reflects the severity of vascular lesions of the brain. Most characteristic are the cognitive impairment of «frontal» type. Defects in intellectual-mnestical functions appear. Timely detection of cognitive disorders, before forming of vascular dementia promotes to an earlier conducting of pathogenic therapy what slows down the disorders of informative functions. At the stage of dementia it is expedient to combine neurometabolic drugs with drugs influencing on synthesis of acetylcholine and/or acetylcholinesterase inhibitors.

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  • ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF VISUALIZATION OF THE PANCREAS

    Aim. Determine the criteria dimensions normal pancreas depending from ages, gender and the type of constitutional.
    Materials and methods. Carried out an ultrasonic examination in 78 people do not make any complaints about the diseases of the pancreas in different age groups (15 to 63 years) considering constitutional body types and gender. Used ultrasound machine company Sanoscape with convex power sensor 5 Mhz.
    Results. Studies have shown that, depending on the constitutional body type, age and gender of the pancreas dimensions may vary norm established criteria recommended by various authors.
    Conclusion. Ultrasound examination of the pancreas is difficult to study because of the location and its retroperitonalno, syntopy to surrounding organs. In estimating the size of the pancreas should be considered age-related changes, the constitutional body type and gender. Before, ultrasound of the pancreas, we recommend pre-acquainted with the medical history of the patient, taking into account

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  • IMPLEMENTATION OF NATIONAL STANDARTS OF ANTENATAL CARE FOR PREGNANT WOMEN IN THE WORK OF THE FAMILY NURSES

    Aim. To analyze work of family nurses on the implementation of national standards of antenatal care for pregnant women.
    Materials and methods. Analysis of family nurses work on antenatal management of 72 pregnant women was conducted from submitted family nurses reports, Form 111, pregnant women registration journal.
    Results. Out of 72 observed women at the labor age 43 (59,7%) were pregnant women. Only 19 (26,4%) women were established first pregnancy. 34 (47,2%) of pregnant women were native inhabitants of the region, who timely on their own registered themselves on clinical account. 41,6% of pregnant women were identified by family nurses. All of them were settlers. Normal BMI had 63 (87,5%) of pregnant women, 8 (11,1%) had heightened, 2 (1,4%) lowered. It was established moderate intensity direct correlation (F=0,53±0,05; p<0,05) between BMI and gestation. 86,1 % women had anemia. Correlations between BMI and hemoglobin content in the blood of pregnant women had weak intensity (F=0,26±0,16;

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  • CHANGES OF BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF RABBITS BLOOD DURING EXPERIMENTAL TOXIC HEPATITIS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF TIMOCIN

    Aim. Assess the biochemical indices of animals blood at experimental toxic hepatitis caused carbon tetrachloride.
    Materials and methods. Investigations were performed on 10 outbred rabbits a mass 2-3 kg with standard diet and content. Toxic hepatitis was induced by introducing to animals of carbon tetrachloride in admixture with vegetable oil (1: 1) in an amount of 2 ml for 10 days once per day.
    For research was used immunomodulatory drug timocin (26092014 series, valid until 26.09.2014, the manufacturer LLC «Tib Baroi shumo», Tajikistan). Timocin was injected to animals after injection of carbon tetrachloride for 10 days once a day at a dose of 0.01 ml per 1 kg of animal body weight.
    Before administration and after administration in the blood serum determined the: total protein content, cholesterol, bilirubin (total, bound and free), urea, creatinine, glucose, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, uric acidactivity of enzymes ALT, AST, and amylase).
    Results. The introduction of carbon tetrachloride

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  • DETERMINATION OF TOTAL IMMUNOGLOBULIN CLASSES M AND G — INFORMATIVE METHOD OF DIAGNOSIS OF GIARDIASIS, ASCARIASIS

    Aim. Conducting a study on the presence of total immunoglobulin classes M and G to antigens of ascarids, giardia in human blood by immunoenzyme analysis.
    Materials and methods. The study involved 35 family members living in the city of Dushanbe GTSZ N»1 without complaints. There were 19 (54%) men and 16 (46.0%) — women.
    Results. During the study of blood for presence of total immunoglobulin classes M and G to antigens of Ascaris, by ELISA positive results were found in 14 (31,4%) members of the family: 8 women (57,1%), 6 males (42,8%); 8 (57,1%) had organized (working) population, 6 (42,8%) of unorganized (non-working). In our study, the titer of antibody was determined to determine the duration of the disease. By titration of AT 1:100 — 5 (35,7%), AT-1: 200 — 9 (64,9%). In the study of antibodies to roundworm found that the infestation is more common among females, have organized a contingent of the population. Of those studied, 64.9% of family members infected with ascariasis.
    Blood

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  • PREVALENCE OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION AND CORONARY HEART DISEASE AMONG UNORGANIZED POPULATION OF GANCHI DISTRICTS OF SUGHD

    Nozirov Dzh. Hh., Narzulloeva A.P., Shorirov T.M. PREVALENCE OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION AND CORONARY HEART DISEASE AMONG UNORGANIZED POPULATION OF GANCHI DISTRICTS OF SUGHD Department of Public Health, Economics, Management with a Course of Medical Statistics of State Education Establishment “Institute of Postgraduate Education in Health Sphere of Republic of Tajikistan” Department of Cardiology with the…

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  • OVERWEIGHT AND OBESITY AS A RISK FACTOR FOR HEART AND CIRCULATORY DISEASES AMONG THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

    Aim. To explore regional and gender-sensitive prevalence of overweight and obesity among the population of the Republic of Tajikistan.
    Materials and methods. Implemented screening study of 16,500 people. Aged 15-59 years: 7193 (43,6%) — men, 9307 (56,4%) — women. Besides survey and questionnaire (questionnaire of Rose), conducted anthropometric measurements. Estima¬tion of body mass index was carried out on Quetelet (WHO, 1995).
    Conclusion. Revealed features in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among the surveyed population polo-age aspect in individual regions and the whole country are the basis for the local health authorities in the planning of preventive measures aimed at modifying risk factors — excess weight and obesity.
    Key words: cardiovascular disease, excessive body weight, obesity, screening

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  • COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF LUNGS FUNCTION BY REGULATION OF ELECTROLYTES AT PATIENTS WITH DIFFERENT PATHOLOGY IN THE CRITICAL STATE

    Aim. Carry out a comparative analysis of lung function by regulation of electrolytes in patients with different pathologies in critical states in dependence from hypocoagulating function.
    Materials and methods. In order to determine the participation of lungs in regulation of blood electrolytes were compared the patients in critical states with different pathologies : I group — 119 puerperas with hemorrhagic syndrome, complicated by acute renal failure (ARF), II — 85 patients with severe craniocerebral trauma (SCCT), III — 110 patients with bronchial asthma at bronhoastmatic state. The findings were compared with the control group (IV) — 20 healthy people. Lung function by regula¬tion of blood electrolytes was determined by veno-arterial difference between mixed venous blood (MVB) and flowing arterial blood (FAB), taken simultaneously, by indicators of electrolytes — potassium, sodium — in plasma and erythrocytes and calcium.
    Results. At patients in critical states with different pathology

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  • ANALYSIS OF MATERNAL MORALITY IN THE SOGD REGIONAL MATERNITY HOSPITAL

    Aim. To examine the structure of maternal mortality in the Sogd regional maternity hospital and identify ways to reduce it.
    Materials and methods. It was done the prospective analysis of the history of the birth of the dead women, analyzed data from collated critical cases and annual reports of ARDS in the period from 2010 to 2014.
    Results. Revealed the tendency to increase to maternal death. Her reasons: complications associated with extragenital pathology — 41,3%, obstetrical bleeding — 23,5%, sepsis — 23,5%, hypertensive disorders during pregnancy (eclampsia, HELLR syndrome) and pulmonary thromboembolism — 5,9%..
    Conclusion. The leading cause of maternal mortality at the maternity hospitals (41,37%), as well as throughout the country, prevails extragenital pathology. Before Health Organization is an issue of development and implementation in practice of maternity hospitals protocols for management of women with extragenital diseases during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum

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