• Assessment of baseline knowledge of experts on diabetes and pregnancy

    Nazarova S.I., Mukhamadieva S.M., Kasymova S.J.

    In order to assess the initial level of knowledge on diabetes and pregnancy, an anonymous survey of 438 doctors who work with pregnant women was conducted: 274 obstetricians, 96 family physicians, 52 neonatologists and 16 anesthesiology and intensive care. The results showed that experts had a low level of knowledge on diabetes and pregnancy. It’s needed to develop clinical protocols (standards) for planning and management of pregnancy, childbirth in women with diabetes mellitus and training.

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  • Medical and social characteristics of women with cervical pathological processes at their different life periods

    Mukhamadieva S.M., Hayriddinova D., Sultanova M.

    Thus, conducted research has let to provide medical and social characteristics of women of reproductive age with pathological processes of the cervix, which is represented by housewives (68.8%), repeated (37.3%) — and multiparous (39.6%), with low health index, frequent to abortion (48.8%), those who do not use barrier methods of contraception (83.1%) and those with Cancer history (10.1%). Particular at risk group for the development of pathological processes of the cervix, are sexually active adolescents, which typically have dishormonal disorders and early occurrence of inflammatory processes of the lower part of the genitals. The high frequency of hyperplastic processes in women of late reproductive age is a risk factor for precancerous cervical disease. The main factors determining the development of pathological processes in the cervical region of high fertility are: early sexual activity (22.9%), change of sexual partners (11.4%),

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  • Used folic acid inpregnant women for profiluctic opinc bifide in pructice family doctors

    Mirzoeva Z.A., Okilova M.N., Pulatova S.S.

    The author showed that, in line with current literature, pregnant women should not be advised to keep a diet. All women with a desire to become pregnant should be advised to use folic acid. Women who previously gave birth to a child with a neural tube defect should be offered consultation before pregnancy and should be advised to use 4 mg of folic acid per day.

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  • Analysis of cases of maternal mortality in the republic of Tajikistan

    Mukhamadieva S.M., Kurbanov Sh. M., Chalova O.D.

    The structure of maternal mortality consists of controlled factors by 77 %. Causes of maternal mortality often seen not from a position of obstetric errors, and in connection with the difficulties of diagnosis, intensive care, which largely depend on the allied professionals. At the same time eliminating the elimination of obstetric complications in the main role of an obstetrician-gynecologist is obvious. The prospect of further reduction in obstetric complications and maternal mortality is the use of new scientific advances. The introduction of national standards is the realistic way to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality. Research on privacy and investigation of cases of maternal loses and maternal audit will let to improve the quality of medical services.

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  • Iodine deficiency diseases (IDD) and helmint infections among schoolchilrens of four pilot districts of Sino project in Tajikistan.

    Kasimova S., Davlatmamadova М.

    Problems of IDD spreading in Tajikistan among schoolchildren some regions of the Republic ase still under consideration. Situation with IDD is worsfen by helmint infection among schoolchildren/ these two diseases are worsfen each other and negatively affect physical and mental helth of schoolchildren. Despite the progress the Republic of Tajikistan did not achieve the necessary level of the Program of World Salt iodiration.

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  • The influence special hygien on the factor on distribution tuberculosis in Tajik Republic

    Kasimova S., Davlatmamadova М.

    Population health depends on influence socially-hygienic and economic factors. In uncomfortable living conditions lives more than 92,0 % of patients. Of the general quantity of respondents of 87,8 % make sick of unsatisfactory vital conditions. Security a floor space below a sanitary code, (less than 9 sq.m. on one person), the monthly income below a living wage and patients basically from large families. Growth of number of the unemployed, the big density and the low monthly income contribute to higher growth and prevalence of disease of a tuberculosis.

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  • Situational estimation forming component of caries intensities beside Inhabitants of Highmountain of Mastchokh region

    Boboev K.R., Ashurov G.G.

    Results of the examination of dentistry status beside 970 inhabitants of highmountain Mastchokh region allow to note that average level of intensities of tooth decay among one examined populations forms 8,78±0,32. Got material show that amount being absent teeth amongst examined contingent of the adult population very high then number filled teeth has formed the minimum value that are indicative of active and immediate decision of the organizing questions on rendering medical-preventive dentistry help for the reason observable improvement condition organs of oral cavity.

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  • The organization and activity of diagnostic service of the various countries (the literature review)

    Thus, the literature review has shown that diagnostics as scientific discipline, developed in indissoluble communication with other scientific disciplines. The key moment of its development was the wide experience of great scientific Gippokrata, Galena, Avitsenny, and also the organization of school of medicine in the countries of the East, Asia, Europe. Formation of the diagnostic centers, as in Europe, America, and in the countries of the former USSR became an important stage of development of diagnostic service. Activity of the kliniko-diagnostic centers shows their conclusive advantage and rather considerable role in public health services system. Thus efficiency of activity providing at the expense of introduction of the expensive equipment, modern methods of research and presence of highly-skilled personnel.

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  • Optimization of combined treatment of fractures of the long bones in patients with signs of fatty hiperglobulemiya

    Sirodzhov K.H., Karimov K.K., Mirov N. Sh. Ahmedov Sh.M.
    This paper analyses the results of treatment of 78 patients admitted to hospital with different mechanisms of injury, which was provided emergency and scheduled inpatient care. Together with a complex of modern medical — diagnostic measures authors studied a prognostic significance of diagnostics fat globulemiya. Express method according to Kornilov, which contributed to the early diagnosis of the syndrome of fat embolism and improve the results of surgical treatment of patients with injuries of the musculoskeletal system.

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