СЛОВО ГЛАВНОГО РЕДАКТОРА
Наше издание является научно-практическим журналом, в котором публикуются основные научные результаты диссертаций на соискание ученой степени кандидата и/или доктора медицинских наук как нашего института, так и других лечебно-учебных медицинских учреждений, интересные случаи из практики, обзоры литературы, лекции и юбилейные статьи. Журнал выходит 4 раза в год, и каждый номер имеет не менее 80 страниц. Каждая поступающая статья принимается по требованиям, проходит строгий отбор и отдается для выпуска в номер только после рецензирования и обязательного редактирования.
У нас принято одностороннее слепое рецензирование. Рецензенты уделяют особое внимание содержанию статьи и проверке данных статистической обработки, их соответствие современным требованиям.Главный редактор журнала доктор медицинских наук Мухиддинов Н. Д.
COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF MALARIA INHABITANTS OF THE BORDER AREAS OF THE KHATLON REGION OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN.
AKHMEDOV A., SHARIPOV A. A., NARZULOEVA M. F., SHARIPOVA SH. T., TOLIBOV A. H.
Thus we can assume that of the anti-malaria activities only intensified in the border areas of Tajikistan with the Islamic State of Afghanistan persistent results to restrict importation of malaria mosquitoes can not give. In this connection it is necessary to undertake joint efforts for anti-malaria activities in the northern areas bordering Tajikistan the Islamic State of Afghanistan in order to create a barrier of the border zone, a depth of at least 10 – 15 km, in which mosquito measures should be implemented after termination of the rest of the country.
PARTICULARITIES OF THE CLINICAL COURSE AND SURGICAL TACTICS IN BAKTERIOIDICAL INFECTIONS AT MAXILLOFACIAL AREA
Mirzoev M.Sh., Shakirov M.N., Gafarov Kh.O., Khushvakhtov D.I. Depertment of Maxillofacial Surgery with Children's Stomatology of State Educational Establishment «Institute of Postgraduate Education in Health Sphere of Republic of Tajikistan» Aim. To study the particularities of the clinical course and surgical tactics treatment of the festering-inflammatory processes of maxillofacial area and necks, caused bakterioidical infections….
COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT IN CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASE (PART I)
ABDURAKHMANOVA R.F., IZZATOV H.N., HADIBAEVA G.R., SHARIPOVA B.A.
DEPARTMENT OF NEUROLOGY AND MEDICAL GENETICS OF STATE EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENT «INSTITUTE OF POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION IN HEALTH SPHERE OF REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN»
Cerebrovascular disease is one of the most important medical and social problems. One of the serious consequences of cerebrovascular disease, is a disorder of cognitive functions. Cognitive disorders (CD), along with other neuro¬logical disorders are important manifestations of organic brain pathology. Vascular CD in its development through several stages, and the most severe form of cognitive disorders, vascular dementia is (VD). At the CD is dominated neuropsychological symptoms of frontal dysfunction than memory impairment, as well as the presence of neurological symptoms in the early stages of the disease. The main factors of the development of the CD are: arterial hypertension, atherosclerosis, heart disease, diabetes, etc. These factors contribute to the development of lacunar infarcts and leukoaraiosis that precede as moderate CD, well as dementia.
In patients with diabetes are found in 87% of cases of depressive disorders. Joining depression to vascular lesions of the brain, leading to a deepening of the CD. The link between depression and vascular disease is determined by hemo¬ dynamic factors, which manifests itself in an increase in blood pressure and a decrease in cardiac output in response to the different emotions of the subjects. Also in depressive disorders marked hypercoagulable syndrome. Neuroimaging techniques reveal functional changes in the brain, depression as a reduction in blood flow and glucose metabolism, mainly in the areas responsible for cognitive functions.
Structural studying of pathology ENT bodies at children for the five years’ period
Shamsidinov B.N., Mahmudnazarov M.I., Gijasov H.A., Kosimov A.A., Shajdoev S.S.
In given article authors make the analysis of structure hospital ENT pathologies at children according to case records for the five years’ period on an example children’s ENT branches of the National medical centre of Republic Tajikistan. The increase in number of planned hospitalisation over the last 5 years is noted. It is established that in structure нозологических forms of diseases ENT of bodies of children’s age a leading place occupy a pathology of the top respiratory ways. The tendency to increase in number of patients with the complicated forms of a chronic purulent average otitis, and also papilomatos throats is revealed. Conclusions are drawn on organisation perfection оториноларингологической the help to children by carrying out of regular preventive actions on places and timely treatment of sharp pathologies ENT of bodies at children.
REGIONAL PARTICULARITIES OF TRAUMATISM ТРАВМА¬ТИЗМА IN THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN
SIRODZHOV K.H., TOLIBOV SH.M., ESHONOV I.E.
Analyzing results of the diagnostics and treatments 300 patients with polytrauma, is revealed specific particularities traumatism in Republics Tajikistan. Prevalence the low high¬speed highways and low floor at home lead less the heavy to damages of a skeleton and low relative density of lethal outcomes to the sharp period of a polytrauma, absence of the doctrine of rendering of primary medical aid at a pre-hospital stage, continuity with presence traumas of the centers 1st and 2nd level in most cases is the reason of high relative density of a traumatic shock, volume blood losses and others the vital infringements.
Results of x-ray estimations of the endoparodontal conditions of supporting teeth under metallceramic design
Karimov S.M., Ashurov G.G.
Generalized results of x-ray estimations of the condition of endoparodontal status supporting teeth in system of metalceramic designs in the article. Estimated quality of the filling root channel in the supporting teeth, residing under unremoved metalceramic design. It is noted that absence of the full-fledged access to root channel does not allow to conduct qualitative processing and guaranteed obturation of root channel, particularly in events their complex construction that is indicative of low level endodontic treatments when preparing teeth to prosthesis.
Ekological unusual use herbae Origanum qualitative detoxikacion and regined means
Zubaydova T.M., Nuraliev Yu. N., Ghaniev Kh.A.
The herbae Origanum as classical underefined means with the theory of Avicena increase the function of all excreate systems (bowels, kidneys, respiratory, disease, clemni and sebctons qlands).
Refiring watery medium of organism (biood composition, limps, urine and the watery bilious) tissue consider the tactical hersion-tajik medicine.
The preparion used with those purpose ibn Cino called retiring means, whose low to assist dusting wish toksical thing from organism, between sebseous and clammy glands, conaider wide apply Origanum as detoxical resources.
OPTIMISATION OF COMPLEX TREATMENT OF DAMAGES OF A SKELETON AT PATIENTS WITH A POLYTRAUMA
SIRODZHOV K.KH., RAHIMOV A.T.
THE DEPARTMENT OF TRAUMATOLOGY AND ORTHOPEDICS TIPGPMP
The unsatisfactory results of complex treatment of skeletal injuries and injury outcomes in patients polytrauma testify to the social and economic importance. The paper analyzes the results of studying the peculiarities of the structure of multiple and associated injuries skeleton, ways to optimize the treatment of fractures on the basis of orthopedic «Damage control» of 30 trauma patients. In the structure of combined trauma of the skeleton in the 81,7% of cases, there were fractures of long bones, 36,3% – fractures of other departments, 21,3% – pelvic bones, in 5,3% of cases – fracture of the spine. Fractures of the long bones in 78,4% of cases were of indoor and 21,6% of cases – the open character. Methods of early reposition fractures in the study group used in 30,4% of the observations, delayed – 15,7%, and later – in 9,5% of cases. In the control group received digital values amounted to, respectively, of 15,4%, 11,4 per cent to 17,3 per cent. Fractures of long bones of victims of the main group in 51,8% of the observations used for conservative treatment, 48,2% – by various methods of osteosynthesis with the use of stable forms (36,5%) and methods of osteosynthesis with additional external immobilization (11,7%).
The connection of erosive and ulcerative lesions of the stomach and duodenum Identification of Helicobacter pylori of chronic pancreatitis.
Ducmatov A.V., Mirodgov G.K., Ichankulova D.M., Raupov N.G.
During exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis, most often changes of gastric mucosa-coolant and duodenum, which takes the form of active inflammation of gastric mucosa, otrafiyu, erosive and ulcerative lesions of the stomach and duodenum. Thus during the exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis in Hp-positive patients was dominated by inflammatory changes of gastric mucosa, superficial gastritis, manifested a bright gipermiey mucosa, predominantly fundus and antrum, thickening, swelling, swollen folds.
Applying of Clinical experience preparation “Metakrizol” in the treatment of women with cervicitis against the background of benign cervical pathology
KHAYRIDINOVA J, KHUSEYNOVA M.B, KHABIROVA S.Z.
The drug of metakrizol has a broad antibacterial l, trihomonotsidnym and antimycotic effect. The use of this drug in the treatment of viral and bacterial cervicitis against dishormonal ectopia of the cervix allows 70% of women to accelerate the elimination of clinical signs of inflammation. However, the therapeutic effect metakrizola significantly reduced in the treatment of inflammation of the cervix against a background of degenerative changes in the cervix caused by scar deformities. It is also effective use of the drug before physical – surgical therapy of cervical cancer, promotes epithelialization of the wound earlier defect (66.7%).