СЛОВО ГЛАВНОГО РЕДАКТОРА
Наше издание является научно-практическим журналом, в котором публикуются основные научные результаты диссертаций на соискание ученой степени кандидата и/или доктора медицинских наук как нашего института, так и других лечебно-учебных медицинских учреждений, интересные случаи из практики, обзоры литературы, лекции и юбилейные статьи. Журнал выходит 4 раза в год, и каждый номер имеет не менее 80 страниц. Каждая поступающая статья принимается по требованиям, проходит строгий отбор и отдается для выпуска в номер только после рецензирования и обязательного редактирования.
У нас принято одностороннее слепое рецензирование. Рецензенты уделяют особое внимание содержанию статьи и проверке данных статистической обработки, их соответствие современным требованиям.Главный редактор журнала доктор медицинских наук Мухиддинов Н. Д.
Bioelectric activity of brain and nervous-mental status of the liquidators of the Chernobyl accident in the remote.
Aliyev Z.D., Odinaev Sh.F., Odinaev F.I., Mehmonov P.H.
A study of bioelectric activity brain (for 100 people) of neuropsychological status (1464) persons involved in the accident and its effects on Chernobyl showed reduction bioe-lectric activity of brain dysfunction-median structures of the brain by patofiziologicheskih developments intensity of metabolic processes in the brain. Radiative forcing in remote time significantly affect the functional status of the nervous system and in structure of morbidity in place leading liquidators asteno-neurotic condition, neurocirculatory dystonia and discirculatory encephalopathy.
ANALYTICAL ESTIMATION TO QUESTION OF THE ORTHOPEDIC TREATMENT OF PATIENTS USING BY DENTAL IMPLANTS
SULTANOV M.SH., ASHUROV G.G.
THERAPEUTICALLY DENTISTRY DEPARTMENT OF STATE EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENT «INSTITUTE OF POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION IN HEALTH SPHERE OF REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN»
DEPARTMENT OF MAXILLARY-FACE SURGERY WITH CHILDREN’S DENTISTRY OF STATE EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENT «INSTITUTE OF POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION IN HEALTH SPHERE OF REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN»
The article conducted the analytical estimation of the literary sources on questions of the orthopedic treatment of defect teeth rows. Analyzed literary sources of the authors of near and distant countries with use of their retrospective outline estimation. On the grounds of complex test of clinical, X-ray’s, functional and computer given will develop ways of system-atizations possible variants removal of occlusion defect, which accompanied algorithm of the decision, directed on their reconstruction that will in turn promote increasing of efficiency of the implantology treatments amongst dentistry patient.
Systematizing existing variant of the removal of occlusion defect came to conclusion that presence one of the factor risk not always is a contraindication to installation of implants. Test of the main reasons promoting origin mistake and complications of implantology treatments, on the grounds of clinical, x-ray’s, functional and computer studies will help the physician to pay earnest heed on the mistake and complications and hereunder reduce both reasons, and mistakes themselves, appearing on miscellaneous stage of the implantology treatment. Presence several factors of the risk beside one patient vastly complicates the clinical situation of implantology treatments in nearest and remote periods.
FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION OF THE DAMAGE, INFLICTED BY SLASHING WEAPON – TESHA
RAKHMONOV T.R., RAKHIMOV A.ZH., TARAKUL A.
THE COURSE OF FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION TIPGPMP
The article contains results of injuries on four corpses of people at the age of 22 to 70 age, caused to the national instruments of labor produced artisanal – tesha. The attack does concave and direct blades. Just suffered 12 strokes, 8 of them on the head, 2 in the facial area, 2 in the back surface of the right hand. Concave blade coated with a 7 hits, direct – 5. After hitting measured the thickness of the soft tissue of the head and bones of the skull on average, the Department of wounds and/or a cut in the cases of penetration of the blade into the cranial cavity. Damage studied macro- and stereomicroscopically, photographed and put on the outline scheme. It is established that in the area of damage to the thickness of the skin ranged from 0,1 to 0,3cm, soft tissues of 0,1-0,2 cm bones of cranial fornix – 0,3-0,7 see the Wounds from direct blade when strictly per¬pendicular to the direction of impact to surface-to-injure area usually had the appearance of an irregular oval. When an inward-curving blade form of RAS was arched, which is the distinctive feature of the wounds inflicted by axes. In 8 cases the length of the wound to the head match the width of the blade, and obviously depends on the fact that if the mass of tesha from 620 to 710 g blade width her a little. The length of the wound does not exceed the width of the blade. It is revealed that the damage by tesha, have their own characteristics, allowing to distinguish them from injuries inflicted by other cutting tools, you can also determine the strength and direction of the shot, also the interrelationships between the victim and the attacker in the moment of injury.
CLINICAL FEATURES OF CHILDREN’S LARYNGEAL PAPILLOMATOSIS
SHAMSIDINOV B.N., MUKHTAROVA P.R., OLIMOV T.K., *GULMAMADOVA G.B., TAGOIMURODOVA S.F.
DEPARTMENT OF OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY OF TAJIK INSTITUTE OF POST-GRADUATE EDUCATION OF MEDICAL STAFF
*NATIONAL DIAGNOSTIC CENTER
Respiratory papillomatosis is a frequent pathology in childhood. According to reasearches by various authors there’s noted role of eleventh and sixth types of papilloma virus. Papillomatosis clinic which caused by sixth type seeps easier than that clinical papillomatosis which caused by eleventh type. Depending on the extent of the process out as an isolated, limited and prevalent forms. The authors noted that the majority of patients found prevalent form of the disease. Main symptoms in the time of papillomatosis are changing of the voice and respiratory disturbance. These symptoms increase with the growth of papilloma. There’s also noted the regularity that the younger the age of child at noted the regularity that the younger the age of the child at the time of papillomatosis, the heavier the disease, it often recurs, treatment served harder, respiratory disturbance increase faster. Respiratory affection appears at the beginning of the disease in the time of walking, fast running, and thereby child avoids fast movements, and it is straight indicant of operative intervention.
The possibilities of using different versions of enteral feeding of the preterm infants
Khojibekova N.A., Saidmuradova R. Kh., Buzrukova N. J.
The work is based on summing the first experience of enteral feeding of 29 preterm infants with very low and extremely low birth weight in ICU of maternity hospital No. 3, Dushanbe and the ways of transitional period of limited feeding duration reduce of the preterm infants are identified.
THE ORGANIZATION AND ACTIVITY OF DIAGNOSTIC SERVICE OF THE VARIOUS COUNTRIES (THE LITERATURE REVIEW)
Thus, the literature review has shown that diagnostics as scientific discipline, devel-oped in indissoluble communication with other scientific disciplines. The key moment of its development was the wide experience of great scientific Gippokrata, Galena, Avitsenny, and also the organization of school of medicine in the countries of the East, Asia, Europe. Formation of the diagnostic centers, as in Europe, America, and in the countries of the former USSR became an important stage of development of diagnostic service. Activity of the kliniko-diagnostic centers shows their conclusive advantage and rather considerable role in public health services system. Thus efficiency of activity providing at the expense of introduction of the expensive equipment, modern methods of research and presence of highly-skilled personnel.
IMPORTANCE OF DRAINAGE FOR PURULENT SPACES IN THE COMPLEX TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH PUTREFACTIVE-NECROTIC PHLEGMON OF THE MAXILLOFACIAL REGION
MIRZOEV M.SH.,SHAKIROV M.N., GAFAROV KH.O.
The article presents the results of treatment of 24 patients with putrid green-necrotic abscess the bottom of the cavity of mouth. Analysis of the carried out research showed that the expansion unit from alloys nickelide-titanium have obvious advantages to the traditional types of drainage, namely: improvement of visual access to the wound and their widespread separation, which leads to the improvement of aeration, which have a great importance in the conditions of mixed and anaerobic microflora.
All of the above mentioned activities with the use of expansion of devices allowed speeding up the time of cleansing and healing of wounds on average by 3-5 days and proceeding to more early medical and social rehabilitation.
Preventive maintenance and therapy of shortage of iron in an organism at pregnancy
Nurmatova Z.I., Nurmatov A.A., N.I. Ibragimov
Thus, the preparation of folic acid (folacini) can be recommended for wide application in practical public health services in female consultations, maternity hospitals for treatment of anemia’s at pregnant women and women in childbirth in the postnatal period, especially at transferred blood in тhe use and early postnatal the periods or at a Cesarean section. The given preparation is safe; simple in also does not demand additional service (the pregnant woman can easy accept itself).
It is not necessary to stop treatment by preparations of iron after normalization of level of hemoglobin and the maintenance earitrocitis in an organism. Normalization of level of hemoglobin in an organism does not mean restoration of stocks of iron in it. For this purpose experts the CART recommend after 2-3 the monthly treatments and liquidation hematology a picture of an anemia not to stop therapy carrying out, and only to reduce twice a dose of a preparation which was used for treatment against an anemia anemias. Such course of treatment proceeds within 3 months. Even having restored completely iron stocks in an organism expediently during half a year to accept small doses of ferriferous preparations.
Development of an anemia during pregnancy negatively influences a current development process and is the serious factor of braking after a birth adaptations.
Timely and adequate treatment, preventive application shortage of iron in an organism
Preparations from early terms hestacy – pledge of safe end of pregnancy both for mother, and for the newborn.
THE CARRIAGE TACTIC OF DENTAL IMPLANTATION, FOR SICK’S WHO PRONOUNCED ATROPHIC CHOPS
JONIBEKOVA R. N.
Technology happens to In article and tactics of the undertaking dental to implantations with expressed atrophy of the jaws. It Is Offered at deficit of the bone structures augmentation and installation dental implant conducts with using small granulated biocompatible nickel titanium in combinations with platelet concentrate ( the factor of the growing).
ANALYSIS OF THE AGE, SEX AND SOCIAL STATUS OF PATIENTS WITH ACUTE CEREBRAL CIRCULATORY DISORDERS ON THE EXAMPLE OF DEPARTMENT OF REANIMATION OF A CITY SCIENTIFIC CENTER OF REANIMATION AND DETOXIFICATIONAND SUGHD REGIONAL HOSPITAL
Aim. Analysis of the results of the age, sex and social status of patients with an acute cerebral circulatory disorders that have come to the reanimation department of a City Scientific Center of Reanimation and Detoxification of Du-shanbe and Sughd Regional Hospital in 2012-2014.