СЛОВО ГЛАВНОГО РЕДАКТОРА
Наше издание является научно-практическим журналом, в котором публикуются основные научные результаты диссертаций на соискание ученой степени кандидата и/или доктора медицинских наук как нашего института, так и других лечебно-учебных медицинских учреждений, интересные случаи из практики, обзоры литературы, лекции и юбилейные статьи. Журнал выходит 4 раза в год, и каждый номер имеет не менее 80 страниц. Каждая поступающая статья принимается по требованиям, проходит строгий отбор и отдается для выпуска в номер только после рецензирования и обязательного редактирования.
У нас принято одностороннее слепое рецензирование. Рецензенты уделяют особое внимание содержанию статьи и проверке данных статистической обработки, их соответствие современным требованиям.Главный редактор журнала доктор медицинских наук Мухиддинов Н. Д.
Results of x-ray estimations of the endoparodontal conditions of supporting teeth under metallceramic design
Generalized results of x-ray estimations of the condition of endoparodontal status supporting teeth in system of metalceramic designs in the article. Estimated quality of the filling root channel in the supporting teeth, residing under unremoved metalceramic design. It is noted that absence of the full-fledged access to root channel does not allow to conduct qualitative processing and guaranteed obturation of root channel, particularly in events their complex construction that is indicative of low level endodontic treatments when preparing teeth to prosthesis.
The effectiveness of modern tools for locating individuals who use removable plate denture
Ibragimov B.H., Nazarov Z.A.
In this study are noted, the effectiveness of modern adhesive products Corega and Protefix in 54 patients, using partial and full removable dentures. The use of these resources contributes to a better adhesive fixation of prostheses, accelerate adaptation. They have a healing, analgesic, isolation and prophylactic properties.
EVALUATIONS OF NURSING OF CHILDREN WITH LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
SAIDMURADOVA A.D., MAHKAMOV K.K.
DEPARTMENT OF NEONATOLOGY TIPGPMP
The evaluating of results of health surveillance and provided neonatal care bantam children, depending on body weight at birth, were divided into 5 groups. In the first group was composed of 11 children born weighing less than 1000 g, second – 62 children weighing from 1000 to 1490 gr., third – 112 children weighing from 1500 to 1999 gr., fourth – 200 newborns weighing from 2000 to 2499 gr., in the fifth group – 32 newborns weighing 2500 gr. The adequacy of resuscitation was directly dependent on birth weight. Resuscitative measures were timely and adequate most of un-derweight children studied groups. 2,1 often observed late start resuscitation in children weighing less than 1499gr. as a result of underestimating the doctor of the child and not a diagnosed chronic intrauterine hypoxia. Essential influence on a condition of a newborn provided incomplete volume resuscitation measures. 15,8% of children with very low body weight, born in severe asphyxia, were not conducted adequate ventilation of the lungs, tracheal intubation. The overwhelming majority of children of I-II groups in 91,1% of cases were examined неонатологом immediately after birth, in the III group accounted for 55,8% of at the appropriate values of 9,1% and 5,5% in the IV and V of the investigated groups. To increase the level of survival rate of underweight children must take into account many factors, ranging from the improvement of the quality of antenatal protection of the fetus to the improvement of medical, given their low readiness to extrauterine life.
FREQUENCY DISCOVERY OF SECONDARY CARIES BESIDE PERSONS WITH DIFFERENT LEVEL OF CARIESRESISTANCE
Aim. Install the frequency of secondary caries when use different filling material and raise efficiency of its preventive maintenance beside persons with different level of cariesresistance.
SOME SOCIO-HYGIENIC ASPECTS OF PRETERM BIRTH AND LOW BIRTH WEIGHT BABIES
SAIDMURADOVA R.H., MACHKAMOV K.K., KUTUSHEVA O. F., OCHILDIEVA N.SH.
The first time for carried out a comprehensive study of the health of infants born with low birth weight from birth and throughout the first year of their life. The main factors contributing to the birth of these children. The estimation of adaptation feeding neuropsychological development and nursing. Reflects the structure of morbidity and mortality of infants born with low birth weight.
CLINICO-FUNCTIONAL FEATURES OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION AND ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE IN THE PERIMENOPAUSAL PERIOD
NARZULLAEVA A.R., NARZULLAEVA Z.R., KARIMOVA L.M.
DEPARTMENT OF CARDIOLOGY WITH THE COURSE OF CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY TIPGPMP
The article presents the results of a study of clinical and functional features of arterial hyperten¬sion and ischemic heart disease in 95 of women ages 37 to 55 years in the perimenopausal period. Depending on the degree of disorder of menstrual function surveyed women were divided into 2 groups. Group I includes 30 women perimenopausal period, also women, whose registered irregular menstrual cycles over the past 3-11 months. The second group included 65 women in the postmenopausal period. For the majority of the surveyed women typically early development perimenopausal changes. In 20% of patients recorded premature menopause, 30,8% of women early. Among persons with postmenopausal 53,8% of women aged 35-45. Correlation of time of appearance of complaints on the blood pressure rises with the beginning of the menstrual cycle disorders noted 73,3% of women in the first group and 55,4% of the women in the second group . In 10% of cases among patients in group I and in 38,5% among the patients of group II perimenopausal period was characterized by a worsening of arterial hypertension. In the course of the study the peculiarities of the clinical and functional flow data diseases depending on the severity of climacteric syndrome..
USING THE METHOD OF THE TISSUE ENGINEERING ON BASE OF THE ALLOY NIKELID TITANIUM AT TREATMENT THE PATIENS WITH BENIGNANT NEW FORMATIONS OF THE BONES MAXILLOFACIAL AREA
Aim. To improve the tacticians of surgical treatment of the patients with benignant neoplasms (new formations) of the bones of maxillofacial area using the tissue engineering method on the basis of the small-pelleted nikelid titanium.
TRIOIN’S EFFECT ON CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM (EXPERIMENTAL WORK)
THE DEPARTMENT OF CARDIOLOGY WITH THE COURSE OF CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY TIPGPMP
The article presents results of studies on the action of a solution trionini on the cardiovas¬cular system. Work is based on the experiment on animals: 20 white rats weighing 200-220 g, cats weight from 3 to 4 kg under uretan anesthesia. Impact trionini on blood pressure were also studied in healthy intact rabbits and rabbits with experimental caused by atherosclerosis. There were 86 series of experiments conducted more than 150 biochemical, 25 haematological analy-ses, prepared 40 drugs from the internal organs of the experimental and control series animals. Heart rate became less 20-22%, the amplitude of the pulse wave increased respiratory activity remained unchanged. There has been little increase of pulse wave and slowing the pace of car¬diac function at 8-10%. In rabbits with atherosclerosis latent phase actions trionini reached 26 seconds, in healthy animals, it was 3-5 sec., that can be associated with morphological changes in the aorta, as well as changes in the General reactivity of the cardiovascular system. The results obtained allow to note that the developed solution trionini whose performance is not inferior to the well-known drugs.
Analysis of cases of maternal mortality in the republic of Tajikistan
Mukhamadieva S.M., Kurbanov Sh. M., Chalova O.D.
The structure of maternal mortality consists of controlled factors by 77 %. Causes of maternal mortality often seen not from a position of obstetric errors, and in connection with the difficulties of diagnosis, intensive care, which largely depend on the allied professionals. At the same time eliminating the elimination of obstetric complications in the main role of an obstetrician-gynecologist is obvious. The prospect of further reduction in obstetric complications and maternal mortality is the use of new scientific advances. The introduction of national standards is the realistic way to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality. Research on privacy and investigation of cases of maternal loses and maternal audit will let to improve the quality of medical services.
CONTRACEPTIVE BEHAVIOR OF WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE SUGHD REGION IN MODERN CONDITIONS
We analyzed the statistical materials of the Republican Center of medical statistics and in¬formation of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan, the data of annual reports of the Khujand regional and district Centers of Reproductive health, as well as the data of annual reports of obstetrical establishments of the Sughd region in 1995-2011. Found a low level of contraceptive use among women of childbearing age Sughd region. The Revealed existence of significant differences both across regions, and on the socio -demographic population groups in regard to the prevalence of contraception in General and the structure of the used funds.