СЛОВО ГЛАВНОГО РЕДАКТОРА
Наше издание является научно-практическим журналом, в котором публикуются основные научные результаты диссертаций на соискание ученой степени кандидата и/или доктора медицинских наук как нашего института, так и других лечебно-учебных медицинских учреждений, интересные случаи из практики, обзоры литературы, лекции и юбилейные статьи. Журнал выходит 4 раза в год, и каждый номер имеет не менее 80 страниц. Каждая поступающая статья принимается по требованиям, проходит строгий отбор и отдается для выпуска в номер только после рецензирования и обязательного редактирования.
У нас принято одностороннее слепое рецензирование. Рецензенты уделяют особое внимание содержанию статьи и проверке данных статистической обработки, их соответствие современным требованиям.Главный редактор журнала доктор медицинских наук Мухиддинов Н. Д.
The effectiveness of modern tools for locating individuals who use removable plate denture
Ibragimov B.H., Nazarov Z.A.
In this study are noted, the effectiveness of modern adhesive products Corega and Protefix in 54 patients, using partial and full removable dentures. The use of these resources contributes to a better adhesive fixation of prostheses, accelerate adaptation. They have a healing, analgesic, isolation and prophylactic properties.
DEATHS FROM RESPIRATORY DISEASES IN THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN
MURADOV A.M., YAKUBOV M.R.
THE DEPARTMENT OF EFFERENT MEDICINE AND INTENSIVE THERAPY OF TIPGPMP
Diseases of respiratory organs are in the lead in the overall morbidity of the population, taking 1st place in the structure of primary morbidity worldwide and deaths from which is on the 4th place in the overall structure of death after circulatory diseases, injuries, poisoning and cancer. In work the analysis of indicators of mortality from respiratory diseases in the Republic of Tajikistan for the period 2000 to 2010. It is revealed, that in structure of total mortality from diseases 2010 diseases occupied the 4-th rank place, after malignant neoplasms. As a result of statistical analysis revealed a trend towards increased mortality among people of working age. This situation is explained by the fact that the majority of persons of working age due to fear of job loss, despite not feeling well, continue to work and this leads to late start of therapy and adherence complications. In 2002, the mortality from pneumonia in the Republic remained at a high enough level that is connected with late referral for medical care, medical errors in diagnosis of the disease and inadequate selection of therapy. The second by frequency of mor¬tality in 2002 followed acute respiratory infections of the upper respiratory tract. Based on the structural analysis of deaths from chronic lower respiratory disease, States that the greatest contribution to the formation of this indicator belong mortality from bronchitis, asthma and other respiratory diseases affecting mainly the interstitial tissue.
TRIOIN’S EFFECT ON CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM (EXPERIMENTAL WORK)
THE DEPARTMENT OF CARDIOLOGY WITH THE COURSE OF CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY TIPGPMP
The article presents results of studies on the action of a solution trionini on the cardiovas¬cular system. Work is based on the experiment on animals: 20 white rats weighing 200-220 g, cats weight from 3 to 4 kg under uretan anesthesia. Impact trionini on blood pressure were also studied in healthy intact rabbits and rabbits with experimental caused by atherosclerosis. There were 86 series of experiments conducted more than 150 biochemical, 25 haematological analy-ses, prepared 40 drugs from the internal organs of the experimental and control series animals. Heart rate became less 20-22%, the amplitude of the pulse wave increased respiratory activity remained unchanged. There has been little increase of pulse wave and slowing the pace of car¬diac function at 8-10%. In rabbits with atherosclerosis latent phase actions trionini reached 26 seconds, in healthy animals, it was 3-5 sec., that can be associated with morphological changes in the aorta, as well as changes in the General reactivity of the cardiovascular system. The results obtained allow to note that the developed solution trionini whose performance is not inferior to the well-known drugs.
The prevalence of coronary heart disease and modifiable factors among residents of Vanj region of Tajikistan
Nozirov J. Kh., Akhmedov A. A., Rahimov Z. Y.
Detected peculiarities in prevalence IHD Risk Factors in Vanj region population are the key for the development of IHD primary prevention fitting program with allowance for sex and concrete age range.
Operation of emergency medical services and evaluation of its effectiveness in diverse countries around the world
Muminov B.G., Akhmedov A.A.
Choosing a model service organization depend on many factors. In the developed countries to the fore the economic aspects. In this connection, he prefers low-cost paramedical teams. In Russia and CIS countries in the Republic of Tajikistan to doctors there is no single approach. It would be expedient to adopt organizational commitment in the choice of the ratio of different teams (specialized, linear, BIT, paramedical and paramedical teams), in favor of teams BIT, paramedical and paramedical teams.
Surgical treatment of cataract syndrome pseudoexfoleativ.
Mirzoev S.M., Еnikeev А.А., Mirzoev F.S.
In article in analysis of surgical treatment of cataract at 62 patients with syndrome pseudoexfoleativ is resulted. Principal causes operational and before operational period, and also functional results of operations and accompanying pathologies are taped.
THE ROLE AND PLACE IN THE STRUCTURE OF MORBIDITY OF RESPIRATORY DISEASES AND DYNAMICS OF MORBIDITY FROM CHRONIC BRONCHITIS AND ASTHMA FOR 2002 -2010 YEARS FOR EXAMPLE TURSUNZODA, FAIZABAD AND SARBAND AREAS IN TAJIKISTAN
YAKUBOV M.R., MURADOVA.M., KHAMROKULOV A.A.
THE DEPARTMENT OF EFFERENT MEDICINE AND INTENSIVE THERAPY TIPGPMP
The article presents the analysis of population morbidity chronic bronchitis and asthma for the period from 2002 to 2010, on the examples of Tursunzade, Sarband and Faizabad districts of the Republic of Tajikistan. The results of these studies suggest that respiratory diseases occupy the first rank place of uptake of the adult population for medical help. In the dynamics of increase in incidence of respiratory diseases for 6 years has decreased by 24%. For the period from 2002 to 2010, the proportion of hospitalized children under 14 years of age increased from 26% to 67% of the total number of cases of appeals regarding the pneumonia. Despite declining in-hospital mortality of children under 14 years of age, they exceed 2 times mortality among the adult population. Levels of primary and total prevalence of chronic bronchitis in the Republic for 11 years grew 1.3 and 3 times respectively. On bronchial asthma in the country in General there is a tendency to reduce the level of primary and total morbidity, which testifies to Associa this disease, poor availability of medical care, as well as low material and social status of patients.
REGIONAL PARTICULARITIES OF TRAUMATISM ТРАВМА¬ТИЗМА IN THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN
SIRODZHOV K.H., TOLIBOV SH.M., ESHONOV I.E.
Analyzing results of the diagnostics and treatments 300 patients with polytrauma, is revealed specific particularities traumatism in Republics Tajikistan. Prevalence the low high¬speed highways and low floor at home lead less the heavy to damages of a skeleton and low relative density of lethal outcomes to the sharp period of a polytrauma, absence of the doctrine of rendering of primary medical aid at a pre-hospital stage, continuity with presence traumas of the centers 1st and 2nd level in most cases is the reason of high relative density of a traumatic shock, volume blood losses and others the vital infringements.
FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION OF THE DAMAGE, INFLICTED BY SLASHING WEAPON – TESHA
RAKHMONOV T.R., RAKHIMOV A.ZH., TARAKUL A.
THE COURSE OF FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION TIPGPMP
The article contains results of injuries on four corpses of people at the age of 22 to 70 age, caused to the national instruments of labor produced artisanal – tesha. The attack does concave and direct blades. Just suffered 12 strokes, 8 of them on the head, 2 in the facial area, 2 in the back surface of the right hand. Concave blade coated with a 7 hits, direct – 5. After hitting measured the thickness of the soft tissue of the head and bones of the skull on average, the Department of wounds and/or a cut in the cases of penetration of the blade into the cranial cavity. Damage studied macro- and stereomicroscopically, photographed and put on the outline scheme. It is established that in the area of damage to the thickness of the skin ranged from 0,1 to 0,3cm, soft tissues of 0,1-0,2 cm bones of cranial fornix – 0,3-0,7 see the Wounds from direct blade when strictly per¬pendicular to the direction of impact to surface-to-injure area usually had the appearance of an irregular oval. When an inward-curving blade form of RAS was arched, which is the distinctive feature of the wounds inflicted by axes. In 8 cases the length of the wound to the head match the width of the blade, and obviously depends on the fact that if the mass of tesha from 620 to 710 g blade width her a little. The length of the wound does not exceed the width of the blade. It is revealed that the damage by tesha, have their own characteristics, allowing to distinguish them from injuries inflicted by other cutting tools, you can also determine the strength and direction of the shot, also the interrelationships between the victim and the attacker in the moment of injury.
RESULTS ESTIMATION OF THE CONDITION OF PARODONTAL’S TISSUE BESIDE PATIENTS WITH COMMONSOMATIC PATHOLOGY
ASHUROV G.G., ISMOILOV A.A.
In the article are present results of the study of parodontological status beside 217 patients with pathology internal organ and systems. Got data indicatives that under chronic disease internal organ and systems are initiated processes, which influence on all the most important mechanisms development of the chronic diffuse parodontitis.