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СЛОВО ГЛАВНОГО РЕДАКТОРА
Наше издание является научно-практическим журналом, в котором публикуются основные научные результаты диссертаций на соискание ученой степени кандидата и/или доктора медицинских наук как нашего института, так и других лечебно-учебных медицинских учреждений, интересные случаи из практики, обзоры литературы, лекции и юбилейные статьи. Журнал выходит 4 раза в год, и каждый номер имеет не менее 80 страниц. Каждая поступающая статья принимается по требованиям, проходит строгий отбор и отдается для выпуска в номер только после рецензирования и обязательного редактирования.
У нас принято одностороннее слепое рецензирование. Рецензенты уделяют особое внимание содержанию статьи и проверке данных статистической обработки, их соответствие современным требованиям.Главный редактор журнала доктор медицинских наук Мухиддинов Н. Д.
SITUATIONAL ASSESSMENT OF THE RESULTS OF TREATMENT ABSENCE OF TEETH REMOVABLE DENTURES
KARIMOV S.M., GUREZOV M.R., YERAKOV F.M.
THE DEPARTMENT OF THERAPEUTIC STOMATOLOGY TIPGPMP
To study the results of orthopedic treatment of occlusive defects removable dentures assessed the state of orthopedic status of the oral cavity in 198 patients aged 20 to 60 years and older. In patients examined dentures are the most used in combined defects of dentitions, singly standing tooth in the jaw, and at the end defects. The least dentures are used when included occlusive defects. The number of removable dentures made on the upper and lower jaw, respectively 49,3% and 50,7%. The share of clasp prostheses made of the lower jaw with partial absence of teeth, amounted to 54,6 per cent. In the absence of teeth laminar dentures in 61,4% of the cases were made in the upper jaw. The largest number of laminar dentures (37,4%) had a life span 3 to 5 years. There was a significant predominance of the laminar dentures in need of re-manufacturing, over clasp, the service life of up to 5 years. If a period of more than 5 years, the number of clasp dentures exceeds the number of laminar. Comparing the reasons for replacement of removable dentures with partial absence of teeth, it can be noted that the leading position clasp prostheses occupy complications associated with fractures of the abutment teeth, laminar – breakdown of prosthesis (38,7%) and aesthetic dis¬orders (13,6%). The main causes of alteration of a laminar dentures were bad fixation (45,4%) and breakage of prosthesis (29,4%). Aesthetic disorders amounted to 13,4%, 8,8% of cases the cause of re-prosthetics was a subjective desire of the patient, 2,9% of cases – other reasons.
THE MORPHOLOGY OF MICROVASCULARCHANNEL A LARGE GLAND DOG IN NORM AND IN CASE OF PERITONITIS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE PLATEAU
MIRZOEV KH.M., ZOKIROV R.KH., PULADOV A.KH., KARIMOV S.S.
Study of the regularities of the structure of the structural organization of microvascular channel a large gland dog in norm and in case of peritonitis in the conditions of the plateau, showed that the presence of high-grade microvascularnetwork in a large gland, ensures a high level of metabolism and is evidence of the involvement of his in the processes of filtra¬tion, resorption of serous fluid abdominal cavity and protective functions. Morphological, hemodynamic and morphometric changes microvascular channel omentum and their in¬crease in peritonitis due to the toxicity of the blood of experimental animals, because the later stages of peritonitis in the blood circulate products of destruction of bacteria-endotoxins and biologically active the substance of the damaged tissue.
The features of a current of pregnancy, sorts, conditions of a lactation at women with an insufficient actual food
Nyrmatova Z.I., Samieva N.U., Nyrmatov A.A.
Studying of a current of pregnancy and sorts at women with an insufficient actual food has shown high relative density, late hestos, threates, anomalies of patrimonial activity, a trauma of soft patrimonial ways, an asphyxia of newborns. Lactation infringement it is diagnosed for every seventh woman in childbirth. Studying of the reasons гипогалактии has shown them: mediko- social, connected with complications of pregnancy and the sorts, caused by affective and personal infringements.
The conducted research is a substantiation for system engineering of preventive, medical and rehabilitation actions for correction of a diet of an actual food of pregnant women and women in childbirth taking into account mediko- social factors that will allow to reduce number of complications during pregnancy and sorts, frequency and weight reduction milk allocation, to improve quality of life of feeding mothers.
ON THE ROLE OF SPECIALIZED MEDICAL ASSISTANCE IN MODERN CONDITIONS IN THE REGIONAL HOSPITAL NAME A. HAGHNAZAROV THE CITY OF KULYAB
AKHMEDOV A., KABIROV A., TAVACALOVA M.
THE DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH, ECONOMY, MANAGEMENT BY PUBLIC HEALTH WITH COURSE OF THE MEDICAL STATISTICS OF TIPGPMP
KHATLON REGIONAL HOSPITAL №2 NAME A.HAGHNAZAROV THE CITY OF KULYAB
One of the main directions of improving the quality of medical care is its specialization, which gives a broad and qualitative information on the human health and the factors that disturb it. High-quality medical assistance, as an objective process of development of a science and prac¬tice, cannot develop in isolation from the improvement of the overall health system. With the purpose of studying of quality of rendering of specialized medical aid to the analysis of 16034 static cards of the patients for the period from 2009 to 2012, During the monitoring period, of the total number of hospitalized residents of the city amounted to 32,3%, 67,7% came from rural areas. For three years in the gastroenterology Department received 1387 patients, among which the urban and rural residents amounted to 30,3% and 69,7 percent respectively. Out of the total number of hospitalized patients 99,9% of rural residents were delivered later than 24 hours of onset due to the fact that the rugged mountain terrain, climate conditions and problems of road infrastructure are the difficulty in timely delivery. In the statistical analysis revealed that women get sick more often, however, the mortality rate of men exceeds that of women is almost twice; the mortality rate among rural inhabitants exceeds the mortality rate of urban 3.5 times. Obtained in the course of the study, data demonstrate the necessity of conducting sociological survey to identify the factors affecting the availability, timeliness and quality specialized medical assistance to the population of rural areas.
ANALYSIS OF PREVALENCE OF TUBERCULOSIS IN THE CITY’S CENTER OF HEALTH №1 OF DUSHANBE CITY
Aim. Study and analysis of the prevalence of TB among people enshrined in GCP number 1 in Dushanbe.
THE QUESTION OF THE MECHANISM AND TECHNOLOGY OPERATIVE TREATMENT OF A DEVIATED SEPTUM
Aim. To determine mechanism deviation of nasal septum.
EVALUATING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MEASURES COUNTERACTION DRUG DEPENDENCE IN REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN
Aim. Evaluation of the effectiveness of existing measures designed at preventing drug use, in particular women.
DETERMINANT ELEMENTS OF LIFE’S QUALITY WHICH CONNECTED WITH DENTISTRY ASPECT OF HEALTH BESIDE INHABITANTS OF THE KUKHISTON MATCHO REGION
BOBOEV K.R., ASHUROV G.G.
Life’s quality in patient with dentistry pathology is defined many social factor – a floor, social position, formation, labor employment, level of income and household position. For achievement of the firm positive result of the treatment among dentistry patient, which valued the life’s quality as “high”, it is enough education their rule hygiene of oral cavity and undertaking professional hygiene.
INFLUENCE ADIPOSITY AT WOMEN ON AN OUTCOME OF PREGNANCY AND SORTS
Nurmatov A.A., Nurmatova Z.I., Ibragimova N.I., Rakhimov of MM.
Thus, the adiposity, which frequency has an authentic tendency to increase, is a negative background for development of pregnancy and a current of sorts. The complications specified in work authentically are is more often noted at a combination of adiposity to others others disease by diseases. Hence, women with adiposity should be carried to group of risk of development of complications during pregnancy, in sorts and perinatal disease. Frequency of complications of pregnancy and perinatal outcomes are defined by presence and degree of expressiveness НЖО (infringement of a fatty exchange), increase proportion-ally to increase of degree of adiposity. The further researches will allow to win the answer contract the arisen questions and to optimize tactics of conducting pregnancy and sorts at women with adiposity.
COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF RESULTS OF A TRADITIONAL AND LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY
Aim. Сomparative assessment of effectiveness of a traditional and laparoscopic cholecystectomy at a cloelithiasis.