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СЛОВО ГЛАВНОГО РЕДАКТОРА
Наше издание является научно-практическим журналом, в котором публикуются основные научные результаты диссертаций на соискание ученой степени кандидата и/или доктора медицинских наук как нашего института, так и других лечебно-учебных медицинских учреждений, интересные случаи из практики, обзоры литературы, лекции и юбилейные статьи. Журнал выходит 4 раза в год, и каждый номер имеет не менее 80 страниц. Каждая поступающая статья принимается по требованиям, проходит строгий отбор и отдается для выпуска в номер только после рецензирования и обязательного редактирования.
У нас принято одностороннее слепое рецензирование. Рецензенты уделяют особое внимание содержанию статьи и проверке данных статистической обработки, их соответствие современным требованиям.Главный редактор журнала доктор медицинских наук Мухиддинов Н. Д.
PARAMETERS OF LIFE QUALITY IN THE TREATMENT EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION OF PATIENTS WITH FRACTURE OF MANDIBLE
GAFAROV KH.O., SHAKIROV M.N., MIRZOEV M.SH., NABIEV M.M.
Presented results of study and benchmark analysis of parameters life quality (QL) 63 pa¬tients with double-fracture of the mandible in speaker. Realistically installed positive directivity of parameters QL patients, which make «surgical osteosyntheses», in contrast with imposition or¬thopedic design.
The contribution to studing the pathology of infections
A.A. Sharipov, M.F. Narzuloeva, A.H. Tolibov, A.D. Salimov
FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION OF THE DAMAGE, INFLICTED BY SLASHING WEAPON – TESHA
RAKHMONOV T.R., RAKHIMOV A.ZH., TARAKUL A.
THE COURSE OF FORENSIC MEDICAL EXAMINATION TIPGPMP
The article contains results of injuries on four corpses of people at the age of 22 to 70 age, caused to the national instruments of labor produced artisanal – tesha. The attack does concave and direct blades. Just suffered 12 strokes, 8 of them on the head, 2 in the facial area, 2 in the back surface of the right hand. Concave blade coated with a 7 hits, direct – 5. After hitting measured the thickness of the soft tissue of the head and bones of the skull on average, the Department of wounds and/or a cut in the cases of penetration of the blade into the cranial cavity. Damage studied macro- and stereomicroscopically, photographed and put on the outline scheme. It is established that in the area of damage to the thickness of the skin ranged from 0,1 to 0,3cm, soft tissues of 0,1-0,2 cm bones of cranial fornix – 0,3-0,7 see the Wounds from direct blade when strictly per¬pendicular to the direction of impact to surface-to-injure area usually had the appearance of an irregular oval. When an inward-curving blade form of RAS was arched, which is the distinctive feature of the wounds inflicted by axes. In 8 cases the length of the wound to the head match the width of the blade, and obviously depends on the fact that if the mass of tesha from 620 to 710 g blade width her a little. The length of the wound does not exceed the width of the blade. It is revealed that the damage by tesha, have their own characteristics, allowing to distinguish them from injuries inflicted by other cutting tools, you can also determine the strength and direction of the shot, also the interrelationships between the victim and the attacker in the moment of injury.
Modern view to the podagric nephropathy
Shukurova S.M., Jonazarova D.Kh., Akhunova N.T.
The below typed article includes the newest data information review, gathered from the worldwide resources regarding to the podagric nephropathy. The etiology and pathogenesis of the disease are widely opened as well as the modern view of the international researches to the problems of treatment. The article composes different opinions and provides brainstorming ideas.
DEATHS FROM RESPIRATORY DISEASES IN THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN
MURADOV A.M., YAKUBOV M.R.
THE DEPARTMENT OF EFFERENT MEDICINE AND INTENSIVE THERAPY OF TIPGPMP
Diseases of respiratory organs are in the lead in the overall morbidity of the population, taking 1st place in the structure of primary morbidity worldwide and deaths from which is on the 4th place in the overall structure of death after circulatory diseases, injuries, poisoning and cancer. In work the analysis of indicators of mortality from respiratory diseases in the Republic of Tajikistan for the period 2000 to 2010. It is revealed, that in structure of total mortality from diseases 2010 diseases occupied the 4-th rank place, after malignant neoplasms. As a result of statistical analysis revealed a trend towards increased mortality among people of working age. This situation is explained by the fact that the majority of persons of working age due to fear of job loss, despite not feeling well, continue to work and this leads to late start of therapy and adherence complications. In 2002, the mortality from pneumonia in the Republic remained at a high enough level that is connected with late referral for medical care, medical errors in diagnosis of the disease and inadequate selection of therapy. The second by frequency of mor¬tality in 2002 followed acute respiratory infections of the upper respiratory tract. Based on the structural analysis of deaths from chronic lower respiratory disease, States that the greatest contribution to the formation of this indicator belong mortality from bronchitis, asthma and other respiratory diseases affecting mainly the interstitial tissue.
Results of x-ray estimations of the endoparodontal conditions of supporting teeth under metallceramic design
Karimov S.M., Ashurov G.G.
Generalized results of x-ray estimations of the condition of endoparodontal status supporting teeth in system of metalceramic designs in the article. Estimated quality of the filling root channel in the supporting teeth, residing under unremoved metalceramic design. It is noted that absence of the full-fledged access to root channel does not allow to conduct qualitative processing and guaranteed obturation of root channel, particularly in events their complex construction that is indicative of low level endodontic treatments when preparing teeth to prosthesis.
THE ROLE AND PLACE IN THE STRUCTURE OF MORBIDITY OF RESPIRATORY DISEASES AND DYNAMICS OF MORBIDITY FROM CHRONIC BRONCHITIS AND ASTHMA FOR 2002 -2010 YEARS FOR EXAMPLE TURSUNZODA, FAIZABAD AND SARBAND AREAS IN TAJIKISTAN
YAKUBOV M.R., MURADOVA.M., KHAMROKULOV A.A.
THE DEPARTMENT OF EFFERENT MEDICINE AND INTENSIVE THERAPY TIPGPMP
The article presents the analysis of population morbidity chronic bronchitis and asthma for the period from 2002 to 2010, on the examples of Tursunzade, Sarband and Faizabad districts of the Republic of Tajikistan. The results of these studies suggest that respiratory diseases occupy the first rank place of uptake of the adult population for medical help. In the dynamics of increase in incidence of respiratory diseases for 6 years has decreased by 24%. For the period from 2002 to 2010, the proportion of hospitalized children under 14 years of age increased from 26% to 67% of the total number of cases of appeals regarding the pneumonia. Despite declining in-hospital mortality of children under 14 years of age, they exceed 2 times mortality among the adult population. Levels of primary and total prevalence of chronic bronchitis in the Republic for 11 years grew 1.3 and 3 times respectively. On bronchial asthma in the country in General there is a tendency to reduce the level of primary and total morbidity, which testifies to Associa this disease, poor availability of medical care, as well as low material and social status of patients.
Locking systems in orthopedic dentistry
Nazarov Z.A., Ibragimov B.H., Akhmadov U. F.
Application of attachments in recent years is considered lo be the most efficient way of fixing partial denture on supporting teeth.
In this regard, the article describes prescriptions, methods of application, clinical and technological as well as laboratory stages of manufacturing different types of attachments.
SOME PARTICULARITIES SEXUAL AND PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT BESIDE PATIENTS OF THE NORTH TAJIKISTAN
KASYMOVA Z.N., KADAMALIEVA M.D., ABDURAKHMANOV M.K.
Performed study among patients of north Tajikistan have revealed some particularities a sexual and physical development, as well as obstetric and prenatal complication at period of pregnancy and sort.
INFLUENCE OF MELDONY ON CARDIOTOXITY OF DOXORUBICINE IN PATIENTS WITH ACUTE LEUKEMIAS
RASULOV U.R., SHARIFOV M.M., SHAMSOV A.T., KHASANOV D.M., RAKHIMOV B.R., SUN’ATULLOEV D.S.
THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERNAL DISEASES №3 TSMU BY NAME ABUALI IBN SINA THE DEPARTMENT OF THERAPY WITH COURSE OF THE ENDOCRINOLOGY TIPGPMP
Acute leukemia, as a rare disease, is only 3% of human malignancies. The aim of treatment of acute leukemia is eradication of leukemic clone restore normal blood, achieveming long-term disease free survival of patients. This is achieved through the use of myelotoxical anticancer drugs that cause deep aplasia haemopoesis. In the present
paper summarises the results of the antitumor antibiotic antratcycline stimulants doxorubicin, with a joint appointment cardioprotector meldony. Under the supervision were 147 patients with acute leukemia. Among the observed patients 85 people received chemotherapy initially, 62 people – previously been subjected to chemotherapy effects. For the induction of remission patients of the 1st group was appointed polychemotherapy by the scheme “7+3”. Patients in group 2 received similar polychemotherapy together with cardioprotector Mildronate. During the treatment of patients of group 1 in 32% of cases were observed sinus tachycardia, atrial and ventricular arrhythmia, changes in segment ST, 7% of cases developed a complete atrioventricular block that shows the development of early cardiac toxicity of doxorubicin. In 19,04% of cases in patients of group 2 were observed ventricular tachycardia, and changes in segment ST.