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СЛОВО ГЛАВНОГО РЕДАКТОРА
Наше издание является научно-практическим журналом, в котором публикуются основные научные результаты диссертаций на соискание ученой степени кандидата и/или доктора медицинских наук как нашего института, так и других лечебно-учебных медицинских учреждений, интересные случаи из практики, обзоры литературы, лекции и юбилейные статьи. Журнал выходит 4 раза в год, и каждый номер имеет не менее 80 страниц. Каждая поступающая статья принимается по требованиям, проходит строгий отбор и отдается для выпуска в номер только после рецензирования и обязательного редактирования.
У нас принято одностороннее слепое рецензирование. Рецензенты уделяют особое внимание содержанию статьи и проверке данных статистической обработки, их соответствие современным требованиям.Главный редактор журнала доктор медицинских наук Мухиддинов Н. Д.
Detection of flat in the practice of family doctors
Mirzoyeva Z. A., Zaripova I.I., Davlyatova D.D.
Plantogrammy method is simple, affordable, cheap technique. Every family physician should possess this practical skill to detect and prevent the development of flatfoot and its complications, while referred to a specialist and give correct advice.
Clinic-instrumental and morphological feature Disease Banti
Gaibuloev M.M., Kaharov M.A., Barotov I. Sh.
The paper analyses the current state of diagnostics and treatment of rare spleen and liver disease – Banti disease. Provide histological research of liver and spleen in different stage of diseases. On the basis of sufficient clinical material efficiency of the operational treatment in the first and second stages of the disease is shown . Which improves the quality of patients life and stabilizes the reticuloendothelial system. In the third stage of the Banti disease symptomatic treatment is preferable
CLINICO-FUNCTIONAL FEATURES OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION AND ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE IN THE PERIMENOPAUSAL PERIOD
NARZULLAEVA A.R., NARZULLAEVA Z.R., KARIMOVA L.M.
DEPARTMENT OF CARDIOLOGY WITH THE COURSE OF CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY TIPGPMP
The article presents the results of a study of clinical and functional features of arterial hyperten¬sion and ischemic heart disease in 95 of women ages 37 to 55 years in the perimenopausal period. Depending on the degree of disorder of menstrual function surveyed women were divided into 2 groups. Group I includes 30 women perimenopausal period, also women, whose registered irregular menstrual cycles over the past 3-11 months. The second group included 65 women in the postmenopausal period. For the majority of the surveyed women typically early development perimenopausal changes. In 20% of patients recorded premature menopause, 30,8% of women early. Among persons with postmenopausal 53,8% of women aged 35-45. Correlation of time of appearance of complaints on the blood pressure rises with the beginning of the menstrual cycle disorders noted 73,3% of women in the first group and 55,4% of the women in the second group . In 10% of cases among patients in group I and in 38,5% among the patients of group II perimenopausal period was characterized by a worsening of arterial hypertension. In the course of the study the peculiarities of the clinical and functional flow data diseases depending on the severity of climacteric syndrome..
DYNAMICS IMMUNOLOGICAL INDICES IN PATIENTS OF CHRONIC GENERALIZED PERIODONTITIS DURING THERAPY WITH MELLINOL
AKHROROVA Z.K., KOMILOV F.M., NOSIROV A.F., FAYZOV K.S.
THE DEPARTMENT OF ORTHOPEDIC STOMATOLOGY TIPGPMP
With the purpose of correction of immunological changes in dental patients has been studied the influence of the drug mellinol in the treatment of generalized periodontitis in 32 patients with chronic viral hepatitis b and C. The results obtained show that in the group of patients with chronic viral hepatitis b and C using the drug significantly increased rates of T-lymphocyte subpopula¬tions of T-helpers, a marked increase the number of B-lymphocytes and natural killer cells, and increased the number of cells expressing a chain of the IL-2 receptor and receptor to transferrin that shows a marked improvement periodontal status among the surveyed population. Initially reduced rates of T-lymphocytes and T-helpers, expression markers of activation, as a manifestation of immune dysfunction in patients with chronic viral hepatitis b and C, during the therapy with mellinol significantly increased. When using the drug in the least degree of expression is subjected to a subpopulation of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes, which are responsible for the clearance of the virus and the production of cytokines, controlling viral replication. It is revealed that the immunotropic effects of the drug mellinol of periodontal patients with chronic viral hepatitis b and C is manifested positively, regardless of the type of virus that caused the disease, and correlates with the notable restoration of fabrics of parodont.
The influence special hygien on the factor on distribution tuberculosis in Tajik Republic
Kasimova S., Davlatmamadova М.
Population health depends on influence socially-hygienic and economic factors. In uncomfortable living conditions lives more than 92,0 % of patients. Of the general quantity of respondents of 87,8 % make sick of unsatisfactory vital conditions. Security a floor space below a sanitary code, (less than 9 sq.m. on one person), the monthly income below a living wage and patients basically from large families. Growth of number of the unemployed, the big density and the low monthly income contribute to higher growth and prevalence of disease of a tuberculosis.
The result of kidneys functionally conditions of children with nephrolitiasis.
Abdufatаev T.A., Ikromov T.Sh., Rofiev R.R., Ibodulloev H.U.
Activities of kidney diseses, is a nefrolitiasis Reguied of best estimate. First of all the principle of determine of spoiling aetivities kidney in time, the step of infection of them, stepts of different is petomorfology, the right of diagnosis is dependence of treatment.
PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS OF TINEA PEDIS WITH ONYCHOMYCOSIS IN THE CITIZENS OF DUSHANBE
Aim. To study the prevalence and risk factors of tinea pedis with onychomycosis in Dushanbe according to data from
the Dushanbe Centre for skin diseases and STIs.
IMPORTANCE OF DRAINAGE FOR PURULENT SPACES IN THE COMPLEX TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH PUTREFACTIVE-NECROTIC PHLEGMON OF THE MAXILLOFACIAL REGION
MIRZOEV M.SH.,SHAKIROV M.N., GAFAROV KH.O.
The article presents the results of treatment of 24 patients with putrid green-necrotic abscess the bottom of the cavity of mouth. Analysis of the carried out research showed that the expansion unit from alloys nickelide-titanium have obvious advantages to the traditional types of drainage, namely: improvement of visual access to the wound and their widespread separation, which leads to the improvement of aeration, which have a great importance in the conditions of mixed and anaerobic microflora.
All of the above mentioned activities with the use of expansion of devices allowed speeding up the time of cleansing and healing of wounds on average by 3-5 days and proceeding to more early medical and social rehabilitation.
Intensity of halitosis condition of oral cavity in patients with periodontal inflammatory diseases
Ashurov G.G., Dzhumaboev D.B.
Got results on study halitosis condition of oral cavity beside 78 patients are indicative of intercoupling the unsatisfactory hygienic condition and increased concentrations flying chamois join in exhaled air. Amongst examined persons is determined even growing difference with increase level flying chamois of the join in exhaled air from 154.31% in 1 group before 283.76% in 4 groups that speaks the under investigation factors of close-fitting intercoupling.
DISSEMINATION OF SOME FACTORS OF RISK OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES AMONG THE POPULATION OF THE ISTARAVSHAN CITY
Mirzoeva Z.A., Nazirova N.K., Khodjaeva D.S
It is very important to identify among the population of arterial hypertension and associate with it the risk factors of cardiovascular disease, the combination of which leads to potential negative trade-offs and greatly increases the total (global) the risk of cardiovascular complications, such as heart attack, stroke, heart failure. All of these trends is important to understand for further construction of effective programs for prevention of major non-communicable diseases, first of all, such as artery hypertension and coronary artery disease.